A Brief Overview on the Various RNA Components

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Read below to see what classifications come from the transcription of RNA synthesized products.

RNA synthesis is a complex process that generally involves the nucleotide polymers. Each nucleotide primarily consists of a sugar that is attaches to any f the four bases – typically the phosphate group.

When it comes to transcription, RNA polymers process one out of the two complementary strands of DNA. The strand chosen by the polymer is called the template strand, the other being the nontemplate strand. Transcription and synthesis work hand-in-hand because the RNA bases that have been synthesized are complementary to the template DNA strand. Therefore, the bases in the template strand and the synthesized RNA are identical in sequence with only subtle exceptions.

Classifications

Upon transcription, four different classifications of RNA are produced that all play a vital role within the entire transcription process.

The first classification is the messenger RNA, which is the coding template of the translation process. The second classification focuses more on the encoding sequence by inserting amino acids into the polypeptide chain. The third classification assists with the synthesis of the polypeptides. Finally, the last classification splices and modulates the small and micro RNA’s.

All of these classifications play a role in a successful transcription process. This is just the tip of the iceberg and there are more distinct classifications and steps taken to achieve a functional resulting sequence. The RNA synthesis process involves additional strands, both coding and template-relate, to complete the transcription. If you take an in-depth look into the minor components of this process, you’ll find that there are numerous ways that the mechanism can go about generating all of these classifications.


 

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