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The Components of RNA Synthesis

Article written by Anextek, a technology blog

Summary: The four essential components vital for a successful synthesis are explained.

Understanding the process of RNA synthesis can be like learning a new language. With all of the science-based verbiage that must be understood to fully comprehend what’s going on, here is a quick overview of some of the distinct classifications of when it comes to generating these different classes.

When RNA transcription occurs the mechanism, which is essentially RNA polymers working hand-in-hand with a template strand of DNA, creates four classifications of RNA

The first type of classification is the messenger RNA which is primarily utilized to be a coding template to determine the order of the amino acids forming a chain of elongated polypeptides during translation process.

The second type of classification involves the insertion of the amino acids into the polypeptide chain. This class helps out in regards to the encoding sequences of the mRNA.

The third type of classification is the ribosomal RNA. This classification forms the ribosome’s to further assist with the polypeptide synthesis.

The last classification involves the small and micro RNAs. The small and micro RNAs involved deal with the splicing and modulation.

The RNA polymers depend on the DNA templates to be able to proceed with the synthesis stage. It compliments the DNA template strand but is identical to the non-template strand, also called the coding strand. Why it’s considered to be the coding strand is because the sequences are similar in nature to the mRNA.

With a brief understanding of the components involved within the RNA synthesis process, you can move on to learning the essentials of what RNA synthesis is all about.


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